The city of Siena is universally known for its artistic heritage, its urban MEDIEVAL atmosphere and for its famous Palio horse racing competition.
In 1995 it was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Founded by the Etruscans, Siena also became a Roman colony. In the twelfth century, Siena was one of the most important European commercial centers, thanks to good relations with the STATE CHURCH, the Sienese bankers become important financial backers for the Roman authorities. The city reached its peak in 1287 with the rise of the GOVERNMENT OF NINE and a portion of the GUELFA.
Most likely as a reference to the battle of Monteaperti in 1260 A.D., this famous competition takes its name from the Palio, the prize by the Roman Pallium , a woolen cloak.
The CARRIERA, is traditionally the name given to the race, usually held two times a year: on July 2nd and August 16th. This race has been running since the twelfth century and unlike other events, the CONTRADE ( the people) not the nobles participate in the CARRIERA.
Strongly rooted in the culture of the people, the Palio is not just an easy race, but something more complex and can be difficult to understand. In fact the horse is considered the athelte and more important than the rider.
Since 1656 the City of Siena oversees the Palio organization.
Aquila Bruco Chiocciola Civetta Drago Giraffa Istrice Leocorno Lupa Nicchio
Oca Onda Pantera Selva Tartuca Torre Valdimontone